Abstract for: Exploring Information Communication Technology and mobility linkage for smart and sustainable cities in developing countries
Mobility in developing countries like India is a challenge, Poor mobility influences both economy and environment of cities through loss in productive man hours and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and exacerbates environmental degradation. Therefore, using a case study of an emerging Information Communication Technology (ICT) enabled city in India, this study examines the influence of the use of ICT in socio-economic activities and during travel on the travel pattern, economy and environment of the city. A survey research method and System Dynamics modelling approach were used. Findings revealed that definite linkage between ICT use and travel pattern exists. Significant increase in the use of ICT in socio-economic activities and during the travel in combination would enable reduction in trip generation and travel distance in the city. As a result, reduction in loss of man hours and loss of GDP of the city would be experienced. Furthermore, there would be appreciable decrease in vehicular emissions alleviating environmental pollution. The combined effect of the reduction in the mobility challenges, economic growth (GDP) on account of reduction loss of GDP and reduction in environmental deterioration can assist the cities to become smart and sustainable.