Abstract for: Decent Work: Modelling of workers' willingness to work in construction
Construction employment is sometimes considered not ‘decent’ and a mere exploitation of cheap labour. This paper investigates what makes workers willing to be employed in construction and how their jobs can be improved. Qualitative data gathered from case study and interviews conducted in Thailand and a review of literature helped to develop a System Dynamics model to investigate workers’ willingness to work in construction. The investigation reveals that insecure and inadequate income, necessity for severe physical exertion, exposure to health and safety hazards, exposure to poor living conditions, requirement for separation from family, lack of free time and gender discrimination erode workers’ quality of life and reduce their willingness. The pressure to generate income and satisfaction resulting from fulfilment of certain higher level needs increase willingness. Possible actions by construction companies such as limiting overtime hours, optimum provisions for accommodation and welfare facilities, safety and health measures, skills development and gender equality could improve workers’ willingness and their life.