Abstract for: Future Development of 2nd generation Biofuels in Transport considering Learning Rates
The aim of this paper is to illustrate the biofuel model BioPOL and its new developments, to describe a set of scenarios, in which BioPOL was applied and to discuss the results of the scenarios. BioPOL was developed and applied within the several European projects, among them TRIAS, PREMIA, HOP!, iTREN-2030 and GHG TransPoRD. This paper refers to the latter project GHG TransPoRD. The BioPOL model delivers detailed outcomes for the different types of biofuels with regard to production capacity and produced volumes, costs and well-to-wheel emissions of greenhouse gases. Furthermore, it includes advanced 2nd generation pathways from ligno-cellulosic feedstock. An important issue of BioPOL is the improved way in which learning for 2nd generation is considered. The paper refers to the work carried out in the GHG TransPoRD project. GHG-TransPoRD developed a reference scenario and a set of GHG emission scenarios varying the technical measures to reduce GHG emissions. In these scenarios, BioPOL was applied together with energy model POLES and the transport model ASTRA. The model set derives detailed results on transport performance, economic indicators (e.g. GDP), vehicle stocks, energy demand, fuel consumption and GHG emission. This paper focuses on the energy demand, the fuel consumption and the consumption of different biofuel types.